Breast Diseases

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Breast Diseases

Breast diseases encompass a wide range of conditions that can affect the breast tissue. Here is an overview of various breast diseases:

Breast Cancer

  • Risk Factors: Age, family history, genetic mutations (BRCA1 and BRCA2), hormonal factors.
  • Symptoms: Lump in the breast, changes in breast size or shape, nipple discharge, skin changes.
  • Diagnosis: Mammography, ultrasound, biopsy.
  • Treatment: Surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormonal therapy.

Fibrocystic Breast Changes

  • Characteristics: Noncancerous changes, lumpy or rope-like breast tissue.
  • Symptoms: Breast pain, tenderness, cyst formation.
  • Diagnosis: Clinical examination, imaging studies.
  • Treatment: Pain management, supportive bras, sometimes hormone therapy.


  • Cause: Inflammation usually caused by infection during breastfeeding.
  • Symptoms: Breast pain, redness, swelling, fever.
  • Diagnosis: Clinical examination, sometimes imaging.
  • Treatment: Antibiotics, pain relievers, continued breastfeeding.


  • Characteristics: Noncancerous, firm, rubbery lumps.
  • Symptoms: Often painless, well-defined masses.
  • Diagnosis: Clinical examination, imaging, biopsy.
  • Treatment: Monitoring, surgical removal if necessary.

Ductal Carcinoma In Situ (DCIS)

  • Characteristics: Noninvasive cancer confined to the milk ducts.
  • Symptoms: Often no symptoms, detected through screening.
  • Diagnosis: Mammography, biopsy.
  • Treatment: Surgical removal, sometimes radiation.

Breast Cysts

  • Characteristics: Fluid-filled sacs.
  • Symptoms: Often asymptomatic, may cause breast pain or tenderness.
  • Diagnosis: Clinical examination, imaging, fine-needle aspiration.
  • Treatment: Aspiration for symptomatic relief.

Inflammatory Breast Cancer

  • Characteristics: Rare and aggressive form of breast cancer.
  • Symptoms: Redness, warmth, swelling, pain, skin changes.
  • Diagnosis: Biopsy, imaging studies.
  • Treatment: Chemotherapy, surgery, radiation.

Benign Breast Tumors

  • Types: Adenomas, lipomas, papillomas.
  • Symptoms: Variable depending on the type.
  • Diagnosis: Imaging, biopsy.
  • Treatment: Surgical removal if necessary.

Lobular Carcinoma In Situ (LCIS)

  • Characteristics: Abnormal cells in the milk-producing glands.
  • Symptoms: Usually no symptoms, often an incidental finding.
  • Diagnosis: Biopsy.
  • Treatment: Close monitoring, sometimes hormonal therapy.